Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Comparing Western and Chinese Business - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1544 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Compare and contrast essay Did you like this example? Indeed, young professionals, business people as well as educated professionals seem likely to be the person who possess enough income and purchasing power for those Western brands and who will be the most receptive to new ideas and value the foreign dining experience. Western franchises operating in China can be more expensive, for Chinese people, than local brands but with a growing middle class, more people can afford it and are willing to pay more for a western brand than Chinese one for instance. Moreover, Western products are most of the time seen as premiums, in other words luxury goods and Chinese people from that middle class want to show off with them. Quality, convenience and customer service are attributes held in high esteem by increasingly sophisticated Chinese consumers, and those consumers are therefore sensitive to Western brands. China’s economic model is changing and it favours a growth of franchises. China is moving away from its traditi onal role as a heavy industry, low-wage society to a service economy dominated by a highly educated workforce, it will inevitably foster a culture of entrepreneurship that is extremely favourable to franchising. Chinese environments can be volatile and difficult to predict, they are riskier than the developed markets in which most multinational companies have traditionally operated, moreover, most Western multinational enterprises without a long history in the emerging world are ill-prepared to deal with the broader range and higher levels of risk they face. Indeed, doing business in China brings with it several challenges for the company. I agree that intellectual property issue is definitely a significant obstacle in China. Indeed, for Chinese people it seems acceptable to copy brands, concepts and products. Taking a successful concept and copy it is even view as innovative to them. It seems that Chinese people are not used to innovate, it does not seem to be in their cultur e and consequently not in their work life even more if we take the case of the SOE’s, where employees are not asked to think much but just to do their definite task. However I think Chinese people do have an entrepreneurship mind since I could observe many people selling a multiple of things in the streets as well as their selling and negotiating skills in shops. Nevertheless they seem to develop it more by copying than creating new things, which in my opinion also comes from Confucianism, which claims humility and not doing something if the person is not sure about it and if it will work, therefore innovate might appear too risky for them. In addition, I think potential franchisors must acknowledge the lack of confidentiality and the difficulty in controlling their brand image before entering the Chinese market. Management style between West and East is different; and I think managing a Western company by Chinese people can be difficult due to the different management style. I think it is time-consuming and expensive to train Chinese people to manage a Western franchise since Chinese people might not be used to this type of management and might not understand very well the concept and the rules set by the franchisor. In addition, the language barrier, the cultural distance between the West and China, and the fact that many Western brands are unknown in China, it seems clear to me that this is a challenging environment that requires careful consideration and planning. Moreover, I think Western franchisor should chose local manager with a high interest in the Western brand and its culture in order for the franchisee to understand better the concept and what the franchisor is expecting. Besides, if this is the case, the franchisee would not quit the position after he has been trained since he would be very interested in making effort to implement successfully something, which appeals to him, in his own country. Consequently, I would definitely su ggest for the franchisor to find a good combination of a high skilled manager with special interest in the Western concept implemented in China. Despite the potential, doing business in China is difficult. Franchisors should seek local partners who can help them navigate the local business environment. A partner in the same industry with channels of distribution, industrial connections, and guanxi (personal connections) can greatly facilitate the success of the franchisor. Finally, it is clear that there are some major developments underway that will make franchising in China a much smoother ride. Laws and regulations are becoming more transparent, emerging lower-tier cities are fertile ground for the right franchise models, and young consumers are becoming hungry for well-known brands. I believe that it is recommended for a foreign company to enter the Chinese market initially having full control of its own stores in order to familiarise its personnel with the local market , understand its legal and industry specific complexities, and be well aware and prepared to handle any setback caused by a potential franchisee. The product includes overall experience that the restaurant provides. Franchisors may be more successful by emphasizing the â€Å"Western-ness† of their products, making standardization viable. Of course, some modifications are required to adapt to local tastes because assuming that what works for a mature market will work in China is not the right assumption. I think success comes from staying Westerner with the core international brand concept and product besides staying relevant to the needs of the Chinese consumers. Therefore, products’ improvement by adding special seasonings or Chinese ingredients to cater to Chinese tastes is important too. As Chinese people’s incomes improve, they are even more attracted to Western brands and most of all, the new generation of Chinese people likes to show off with interna tional brands, and this includes eating more as the European way, consequently, going to international fast-food chains. In the U. S., fast-food restaurants are a place where people can get food quickly. The food is usually tasty, but mostly unhealthy and low-priced. But in China, the same restaurants are viewed as upscale, trendy, and modern. Indeed, one can ask why people who want to eat Chinese food would go to KFC? Therefore, franchisors should be very careful in adapting their products to the Chinese markets. A good balance of standardized products and adapted products is important. Finding more Chinese dishes in International restaurant and not being able to buy the original dishes from the brand as they can see it in movies and series could disappoint Chinese people. Nowadays, international brands in China face a fierce competition with other Western brands as well as local competitors. The latter have implemented franchises with similar concepts to Westerner since t hey had time to see if those concepts were successful or not in the Chinese market and since they saw that Chinese consumers were keen on this type of fast foods’ concept, they implemented the same thing. Moreover, international franchises such as KFC will face obstacles such as newspapers titles chasing them and exacerbating wrong things they are doing in order for the government to make the population willing to boycott those international chains. Restaurant franchisors that miss the opportunity to enter China now will face intense competition from early entrants. It will be difficult for restaurant franchisors entering now to beat the scale and profitability of the already entrenched McDonalds and KFC. I think it is very important for Starbucks to target high traffic streets with demographics’ criteria, which fit with the concept; especially young people, aware of the Western brands and attitudes as they can see in the movies and series for example. Since t hese Western brands are a symbol of modern lifestyle and sophistication, Chinese people are willing to pay more than for local brands and those products are even seen as luxury goods. Well-trained employees are essential to the success of a business. Unfortunately, in a bad economy, a business’ training budget is often the first thing cut. It may make sense at the time, but the long-term implications can far outweigh the immediate costs saved. Over time, a lack of training may reduce motivation levels and business inefficiencies and, most detrimentally, result in staff turnover. Therefore, I totally agree with Starbuck’s strategy to train intensively new employees and send the best one to new markets, which can spread the Starbucks culture among new employees, which will then be able to spread it to the consumers. Since recent generations in China are more and more aware of Western lifestyle, international brands, instead of just going right away to a Western franchise, Chine people are starting to judge if a foreign brand can really bring something different to their lives. Foreign franchisors should therefore be able to invest heavily before they could see a return. Money investment of course, but more importantly, time and patience. As the Chinese economy currently turns down, one can wonder if the government is not pointing at big foreign companies doing wrong things so they can chase them. And in order for the consumers to favour local brands instead of going to those Western brands in particular. These types of articles are big news here, it seems that the Chinese controlled media is trying to make Chinese consumers aware of wrong things done by big international companies even though Chinese companies also do wrong thing Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Comparing Western and Chinese Business" essay for you Create order

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Civil War One Of The Most Deadly Wars - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 1986 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/05/18 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Civil War Essay War Essay Did you like this example? The American Civil War, fought between the Union and Confederate forces, took place from 1861 to 1865. During the war, a variety of weapons were used on both sides. These weapons include edged weapons such as knives and swords, firearms such as, rifled-muskets, breech loaders and repeating weapons, various field guns such as artillery, and new weapons such as the early grenade and machine gun. The Civil War is often to referred as the first modern war in history as it included the most advanced technology and innovations of warfare available at the time. Some of the innovations and advances of the Civil War included mass production of war materiel, rifling of gun barrels and the use of the Mini? © ball, the advent of repeating firearms and metallic cartridges, ironclad warships, advances in medicine, communication , and transportation , and the gradual decline of tactics from previous centuries. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Civil War: One Of The Most Deadly Wars" essay for you Create order Some of the cannon used by union and confederate forces include the 12 pound Howitzer, the 10 pound Parrot rifle, and the 3 inch ordnance rifle.The civil war brought many advancements in gun technology, most notably the widespread use of rifled barrels. Popular rifles used in the civil war include the Springfield rifle, the Lorenz rifle, the Colt revolving rifle. Swords were still used widely in the civil war. Popular swords include the Model 1832 Foot Artillery Sword, Model 1832 Dragoon Saber, Model 1840 Light Artillery Saber, and the Model 1840 Army Non-commissioned Officers Sword. The Mini Ball was a type of bullet that was used throughout the Civil War. Designed to expand while traveling along the rifle barrel, it increased muzzle velocity as well as providing spin to the bullet, expanding its accuracy and range. This advance in weaponry, along with outdated military tactics devised in an era of older firearms, are often cited as a reason for the large numbers of casualties of the Civil War.Although they most often fought on foot particularly as the War progressed cavalry units typically looked for firearms that would be easy to reload from the back of a moving horse. Cavalry in both the Union and the Confederate Armies employed a variety of breech-loading, single-shot, rifle-barreled weapons known as carbines. The carbines, because their barrels were several inches shorter than the rifle-muskets the infantry carried, also had a shorter range. In addition, the cavalry weapons had a brutal recoil when fired, and despite their advantages in loading most still r equired the cavalry soldier to manipulate a tiny cap in order to fire. Confederate cavalry often brought sawed-off shotguns and cut-down hunting rifles from home. Others used the standard infantry rifle-muskets, though the longer barrels were awkward and muzzle-loading was difficult on horseback. In addition to the carbines, cavalrymen also frequently were issued percussion revolvers. These handguns used rotating cylinders, bored through with five or six chambers, to allow multiple shots without reloading. The soldier had to pour a powder charge into the chamber, ram a round or conical ball on top, seal the front of the cylinder with grease to prevent one chamber from igniting the adjacent ones, and then place a cap on the rear of each chamber before the guns were ready to be fired. Once this time-consuming process was complete, the soldier could rely on five or six shots in succession. However, the sights on the handguns were crude; a soldier could not expect to hit any target much beyond 50 feet or less from horseback. One massive Confederate revolver, the LeMat, clustered nine pistol chambers around a central shotgun barrel. Smith Wesson perfected self-contained metallic cartridge revolvers in .22 and .32 caliber. Earlier cartridges had been made of stiff paper or animal skin wrapped around the charge, primer, and projectile of the gun. While more convenient to load and carry, these smaller guns lacked the power of their .36 and .44 caliber percussion competition. One French revolver, the Lefauchaux, used a small firing pin integral to the cartridge to ignite the charge. Federal forces used several thousand of the Lefauchaux revolvers, and Confederate Generals J.E.B. Stuart and Pierre Beauregard also carried this model.Most Civil War infantry men, both Federal and Confederate, carried .58 or .577 caliber rifle-muskets. The rifle-musket was first manufactured in the United States in 1855 and quickly replaced earlier smoothbore guns. The rifling spiral grooves etched inside the guns barrel greatly increased the accuracy of the weapons by spinning and stabilizing the bullet as it sped towards the target. A trained marksman could hit targets as far as 800 yards away, and even an average shot could expect to strike the mark at 250 yards. Smoothbore muskets, some of which were still used during the Civil War, were generally unreliable at any range more than 75 yards.These rifle-muskets were chiefly percussion weapons; pulling the trigger of a rifle-musket caused the weapons hammer to strike a small metal cap. A charge of fulminate of mercury inside the cap would explode to ignite the gunpowder charge in the barrel. The force of the gunpowder explosion drove the bullet, either a round ball or minie ball, down the barrel. The metal cap was tiny, about the size of a pencil-eraser, and had to be set into place by hand each time the musket was fired. Soldiers had to follow nine careful steps to load and fire a single bullet from a muzzle-loading gun, and five to fire a breech-loading weapon. Rifle-muskets weighed between six and ten pounds and many were designed to fit a bayonet on the end o f the barrel.Civil War soldiers were known to make jury-rigged explosives using assortments of fuses and gunpowder, but the conflict also saw advances in the design and manufacture of hand grenades. The most popular model was the Union-issued Ketchum grenade, a projectile explosive that was thrown like a dart. The grenades came in one-, three- and five-pound models equipped with stabilizer fins and a nose-mounted plunger. Upon impact, the plunger would detonate a percussion cap and ignite a deadly supply of gunpowder. While a novel idea, the explosives didnt always work as intended. In fact, when they were bombarded with Ketchum grenades during an 1863 siege at Port Hudson, Louisiana, Confederate soldiers reportedly used blankets to catch the explosives before throwing them back at their hapless attackers.Rocket launchers might seem like a 20th-century phenomenon, but they made a few appearances on Civil War battlefields. Confederate forces reportedly experimented with Congreve rockets, a British-designed explosive that had previously seen action in the War of 1812. These weapons resembled large bottle rockets and were so inaccurate that they never saw widespread use.Meanwhile, Union forces employed the Hale patent rocket launcher, a metal tube that fired seven- and 10-inch-long spin stabilized rockets up to 2,000 yards. While a vast improvement on the Congreve, these projectiles were still quite unwieldy, and were only generally used by the U.S. Navy. Colt revolvers and Springfield muskets were the Civil Wars most popular firearms, but the era also gave rise to some of the earliest machine guns. Of these, perhaps none is more infamous than the Gatling gun, a six-barreled piece that was capable of firing up to 350 rounds a minute. The U.S. government never ordered the Gatling in bulk, but Union General Benjamin Butler privately purchased several of the intimidating weapons in 1863 and later used them during the Petersburg Campaign.Other rapid-fire guns included the Williams gun a Confederate breechloader first unveiled at the Battle of Seven Pines in 1862 and the Billinghurst-Requa battery gun, which consisted of 25 rifle barrels arranged side by side. Viewed as too inefficient and unwieldy for infantry combat, these weapons were generally used for guarding bridges and other strategic locations.Mines or torpedoes as they were then known were largely a Confederate weapon. Originally developed by General Gabriel J. Rains, these antipersonnel explosives were typically iron containers rigged with gunpowder, a fuse and a brass detonation cap. Rains first used the subterranean booby traps in 1862 during the Peninsula Campaign, and later buried thousands more around Richmond and in various parts of the Deep South. In fact, some of these still-active landmines were only recovered in Alabama as recently as the 1960s.While they proved an intimidating method of psychological warfare, landmines were often viewed as an unethical form of combat. Union General George B. McClellan denounced them as barbarous and Confederate General James Longstreet briefly banned their use. Perhaps their most vociferous critic was Union General William T. Sherman, who lost several troops to underground landmines during his famous March to the Sea. Decrying the use of mines as not warfare, but murder Sherman reportedly forced his Confederate prisoners to march at the head of his column so that they might trigger any hidden land torpedoes.Along with landmines, the Civil War was also a major testing ground for underwater mines. Both sides mined harbors and rivers with torpedoes, but the Confederacy enjoyed greater success. Starting in 1862 with the sinking of the ironclad Cairo, Confederate torpedoes destroyed dozens of Union ships and damaged several others. Union torpedoes, meanwhile, only sank six Confederate Navy vessels.The rebels owed their skill at underwater warfare in part to Matthew Fontaine Maury, an oceanographer who first demonstrated the use of mines in 1861. Maurys infernal machines made the James River virtually impassable, and mines later terrorized the Union Navy during battles at Mobile Bay and Charleston Harbor. The Confederacy also succeeded in using submarines to turn mines into offensive weapons. In 1864 the H.L. Hunley destroyed the Union sloop-of-war Housatonic after ramming it with a pole-mounted torpedo, becoming the first combat submarine to successfully sink an enemy ship.During an 1863 operation to retake Charleston Harbor, General Quincy Adams Gillmore laid siege to the Confederate stronghold at Fort Wagner. Gillmores Union guns bombarded the fort day and night with the help of a strange invention: the calcium light. Better known as limelights these chemical lamps used superheated balls of lime, or calcium oxide, to create an incandescent glow. The lights had been used in lighthouses and theaters since the 1830s, but Gillmores engineers were the first to adapt them for combat. By shining calcium lights on Fort Wagner, Union forces were able to illuminate their artillery target while simultaneously blinding Confederate gunners and riflemen.Also called Drummond lights these calcium floodlights were later used as searchlights to spot Confederate warships and blockade run ners. In early 1865, a Union light even helped detect a Confederate ironclad fleet as it tried to move along the James River under cover of darkness. A Southern officer later noted that a planned sneak attack was made impossible in part because of the Unions powerful calcium light.Because they allowed generals to get an aerial view of the battlefield, Civil War balloons were primarily used in a reconnaissance capacity. The Union even had an official Balloon Corps headed by Chief Aeronaut Thaddeus Lowe. Under his direction, balloons were launched for scouting purposes at several famous engagements, including the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. In a balloon tethered to the ground with a telegraph line, Lowe was able to give real-time updates on troop movements, and once even directed Union artillery fire from the sky. The Confederacy also tried their hand at military ballooning, although with considerably less success. The South lacked the resources to make good balloons, and their one operational airship reportedly made from a colorful patchwork of silk was captured after the tugboat carrying it ran aground on the James River.The Civil War produced a number of experimental cannons, machine guns and rifles, but perhaps none was more unusual than the Winans steam gun. Built by Ohio inventors William Joslin and Charles Dickinson, this massive automatic weapon sat on an armored train carriage and used steam to fire projectiles supposedly at a rate of 200 a minute. The civil war was one of the most deadly wars in american history and to this day the amount of american lives lost out numbers that of any other war .

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay On The Character Of Shylock In The Merchant Of Venice

Shylock is the hated Jew character in The Merchant of Venice. Despite the presence of other, minor, Jewish characters, when The Jew is mentioned, he is instantly recognized as Shylock. The Jew accumulates several negative monikers throughout the play, and in act four, scene one, he is referred to as: an inhuman wretch, / uncapable of pity, void and empty / from any dram of mercy (Shakespeare 4.1.4-6), inexecrable dog (4.1.128), and a cruel devil (4.1.215). The society of Venice despises Shylock the Jew, yet he seems comfortable in his roll. While he is proud of his role as the Jew, the sentence of conversion is not as fatal as Antonio believes. For the most part, Shylock plays his role of the greedy, monstrous Jew well. He†¦show more content†¦Likewise, Shylocks daughter was liked well enough to be whisked away in elopement before she converted. The Jew has been thought of as the automatic villain, however, it seems he doesnt have to be unlikeable. While it may not have been necessary, Shylock seems as eager as the Christians for himself to be The Jew. Until it is his livelihood at stake, Shylock relentlessly demands a pound of Antonios flesh, and maintains his greedy demands. It is as if he tries to fulfill the stereotypes set by this Christian society. He seems to be asking for the others to remember he is a Jew as he cries out my deeds upon my head! recalling the Jews who condemned Jesus for crucifixion (4.1.204). This man has been the enemy to Christians and he will continue to be so. He is not just a villain out for his own gain, he comes from a long line of people who did bad things. To be the villainous Jew is not just something he was born into, Shylock endeavors to fulfill the role he was presented with. Shylock is proud to be the local Jew. He makes no apologies for fulfilling the stereotypes, and hurls insults after he is insulted, calling Antoio a rat and a serpent (4.1.44, 69). His praise comes from the old testament, as he compares Portia to Daniel in her initial judgements (4.1.221). This later is echoed by Graziano when Portias justice is no longer in Shylocks favor, who seemingly was unaware of this characterShow MoreRelatedThe Character of Shylock in The Merchant of Venice Essay3186 Words   |  13 PagesThe Character of Shylock in The Merchant of Venice Victim or villain. These two words are the total opposites of each other. A victim is someone that we in general should, or may, feel sorry for and attempt to sympathise or empathise with. But a villain is the one person that people love to hate. The best example of this I feel is pantomime. The victims or heroes are clear-cut and the audience willingly cheers them. But as soon as the villain walks on stage he isRead MoreCritical Essay: the Merchant of Venice by Shakespeare - Shylock Character Study1406 Words   |  6 PagesCritical Essay: ‘The Merchant of Venice’ - Shylock Character Study Shakespeare’s play ‘The Merchant of Venice’ starts off in Venice with Shylock as a simple money lender. His intentions seem reasonable to begin with, he sounds a nice man then he does a soliloquy saying how much hatred he has for Antonio, the Christian who treated him disrespectfully. Shylock conflicts his emotions again and speaks to Antonio in a joking manner which in his mind turns out to be the truth. In the playRead More Is The Merchant of Venice an Anti-Semitic Play? Essay1491 Words   |  6 PagesIs The Merchant of Venice an Anti-Semitic Play?      Ã‚   The Merchant of Venice features a Jewish character that is abused and slandered by nearly every character in the play. Throughout the play the behavior of these characters seems justified. In this way, The Merchant of Venice appears to be an anti-Semitic play. However, The Merchant of Venice contains several key instances, which can be portrayed in a way that criticizes anti-Semitism. The first instance occurs in Act 1, scene 3 whenRead MoreThe Merchant of Venice939 Words   |  4 PagesContrast of Shylock and Claudius Introduction This essay looks into the lives of Shylock and Antonio. These are two of Shakespearean antagonists of all time. They are alike in more ways than one. Shylock in Merchant of Venice is a Jewish moneylender based in Venice. He has been tormented and repressed mainly by the Christian population. One finds it easy to sympathize with him mainly because he has his own reasons to be loathing, greedy, and miserly. This ends up making the entire ‘Merchant of Venice’Read MoreA Study of Anti-Semitism in The Merchant of Venice Essay1540 Words   |  7 PagesAnti-Semitism in The Merchant of Venice ‘The Merchant of Venice’ was written by Shakespeare in 1596 and appeals to both audiences of comedy and tragedy. The play features anti-Semitism which is a response to 1500’s Britain as well as other literature of the time. Anti-Semitism is the term used to describe discrimination towards Jews and Judaism. ‘The Merchant of Venice’ has received both positive and negative comments over the centuries and throughout this essay I will look atRead MoreThe Merchant of Venice: Is Shylock a Villain or a Victim? Essay846 Words   |  4 PagesIn this essay I will try to discover is Shylock a villain or a victim, in the William Shakespeare play â€Å"The Merchant of Venice† It is difficult to say if Shylock is a complete villain or a victim, as his character is complex and ambiguous. However, it is difficult to view Shylock as anything other than a devious, bloodthirsty and heartless villain in the majority of the play. There are a few points in the story where he can be viewed as victimised, as most Jews were at that time, but ShakespeareRead MoreThe Three Plots of The Merchant of Venice779 Words   |  4 Pages Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice is a simple story line with three distinct plot lines incorporated into each other intricately. These three plot lines are the bond plot, the casket plot, and the ring plot, each equally vital to the meaning and conclusion of the play. In this essay, I will discuss the roles of the characters in the plot, the symbols, images, and rhetorical figures central to each plot, and finally how the events of the three plots are intertwined. The first sign that the threeRead MoreEssay on Portia of William Shakespeares The Merchant Of Venice617 Words   |  3 PagesWilliam Shakespeares The Merchant Of Venice The merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare in which is a drama, it shows us mercy, love and forgiveness. In this essay I’m going to write about Portia in comparison to the other male characters in the play. Shakespeare has created some very interesting characters in Bassanio, Antonio and Shylock. Bassanio and Antonio are good friends and they like most characters in the play, dislike Shylock the Jew. They have a goodRead More Shakespeares Presentation of Shylock in The Merchant of Venice831 Words   |  4 PagesShakespeares Presentation of Shylock in The Merchant of Venice This essay is an analysis of how the character of Shylock, in the play The Merchant of Venice, is presented to the audience, by Shakespeare, in different ways. The riveting play shows the best and worst aspects of human nature and contains one of Shakespeares most reviled, complex and compelling characters. Love and romance end this play, yet before that come bigotry, racism, hatred, death threats andRead MoreSituational Humor In The Merchant Of Venice994 Words   |  4 PagesThe Merchant of Venice – Assessment Task 2 How relevant are the comedic conventions in engaging a modern audience? The use of humour in a play can amuse, entertain and lift the spirits of the intended audience. Shakespeare wrote plays using many comedic conventions that were engaging and relevant in Elizabethan times. Many of these comedic conventions are still highly relevant in engaging a modern, 21st century audience. This essay will explore the elements of situational humour and irony through

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Profile on Production of Acetone - 2260 Words

206. PROFILE ON PRODUCTION OF ACETONE Table OF CONTENTS | | |PAGE | | | | | |I. |SUMMARY |206-3 | | | | | |ii. |PRODUCT DESCRIPTION APPLICATION†¦show more content†¦The total investment requirement is estimated at Birr 6.17 million, out of which Birr 2.84 million is required for plant and machinery. The project is financially viable with an internal rate of return (IRR) of 14 % and a net present value (NPV) of Birr 1.71 million, discounted at 8.5%. II. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATION Acetone is a colourless volatile and inflammable liquid with a mildly pungent and aromatic odor. It is miscible in all proportions with water and organic solvents such as diethyl ether, methanol, ethyl alcohol and esters. This product is used for the following purposes:- - As a solvent for cellulose acetate, nitro-cellulose, celluloid, chlorinated rubber, etc. - As a carrier for acetylene; - as a raw-material for the chemical synthesis of a wide range of products, such as ketone, methyl methacrylate, bisphenol A, methyl isobutyle ketone, etc, in chemicals, explosives and lacquer industries. Acetone is an import substitute product. III. MARKET STUDY AND PLANT CAPACITY A. MARKET STUDY 1. Past Supply and Present Demand The country s requirement for acetone is totally met through import. Data obtained from the Ethiopian Customs Authority with regard to import of acetone for the period covering 1997 - 2004 is given in Table 3.1. Table 3.1 IMPORT OF ACETONE |Year |QuantityShow MoreRelatedTaking a Look at Oxidative Stress1059 Words   |  4 Pagesbiotransformation of CCl4 to trichloromethyl radical (CCl3†¢). These cytochrome systems catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol and other lipid metabolites both in endogenous substrates, such as ethanol and acetone as well as exogenous substrates which includes carbon tetrachloride (Tang et al., 2013). In the presence of oxygen, CCl3†¢ generates the highly reactive metabolites such as trichloromethyl peroxy (CCl3OO†¢) free radicals which covalently bind to theRead MoreSensitization And Skin Irritancy Potential Of MDI Essay1061 Words   |  5 PagesRESULTS Examination of Sensitization and Skin Irritancy Potential of MDI To confirm that exposure to MDI would sensitize or irritate animals, 1% MDI (in dry acetone, w/v) were painted on each ear of randomly grouped Balb/c mice and assayed for dermal irritancy potential via ear swelling measurements and ear inflammatory cytokine mRNA production quantified via RT-PCR. Average ear swelling was significantly increased four days following 1% MDI exposure (Figure 1A). Inflammatory cytokines (Il-1ÃŽ ², Il-6Read MoreExrna Essay1371 Words   |  6 Pagesexist between pathogens grown during in vitro versus in vivo conditions. In Cn, differences exist in the production of virulence factors such as melanin and capsule in the laboratory under nutrient-rich conditions compared to tissue culture medium and in the host. Furthermore, these physiological differences affect the organism’s sensitivity to antifungal drugs, and are also likely to affect production of biomarkers such as exRNAs [29]. A significant body of data is emerging that indicates an abundanceRead MoreFormal Report Exp 96351 Words   |  26 Pagesyield to a blue green solution if it reacted positively. This was seen in all the sample used in this test except for acetone. Whereas Dinitrophenylhydrazone (2,4-DNP) Test was preformed to test for aldehydes and ketones which would result to a yellow orange precipitate if it was positively reacted. All the compounds subjected to this test namely n-butyraldehyde, benzaldehyde and acetone gave a positive result. Fehling’s Test and Tollens’ Silver Mirror Test were used to tests for aldehydes. In FehlingRead MoreThe Effect Of Blending Of Crude Palm Oil With Sunflower And Groundnut Oil On Proximate Composition1641 Words   |  7 Pagesboth at domestic and commercial level. The developed products were evaluated organoleptically and nutritionally. The products prepared in oil blends were compared with those prepared in palm oil alone to evaluate their organoleptic and nutritional profile. Material and methods 2.1 Procurement of oil Crude palm oil was obtained from National Research Centre for Oil Palm, Kerala, India. Sunflower and groundnut oils were procured in a single lot from the local market of Hisar, India. 2.2 Blending ofRead MoreThe Process of Photosynthesis and Practicals3109 Words   |  12 Pages2012). In the Calvin Cycle, NADPH is oxidised to NADP+ ions forming a Phosphate group. ATP is converted to Adenine Diphosphate (ADP). The reuse of these bi-products are used in the electron and proton flow of the light cycles, allowing for energy production by the light reactions. The reformation of Ribulose biphosphate allows it to receive CO2 again. In the light cycles, ATP is formed from the addition of a phosphate group and NADPH is formed from the reduction (addition of electrons and a proton)Read MoreBiodegradation of Hydrocarbons from Crude Oil by Pseudomonas Putida4958 Words   |  20 Pagesof biodegraded petroleum-derived aromatic hydrocarbons in marine sediments was reported by[ Jones et al]. They studied the extensive biodegradation o alkyl aromatics in marine sediments which occurred prior to detectable biodegradation of n-alkane proï ¬ le of the crude oil and the microorganisms, namely, Arthrobacter, Burkholderia, Mycobacterium, Pseudomonas, Sphingomonas, and Rhodococcus were found to be involved for alkylaromatic degradation. Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in aRead MoreBritish Columbia s Coastal Temperate Waters2918 Words   |  12 PagesBritish Columbia’s coastal temperate waters are known to be highly productive marine environments. Primary production plays the largest role in these environments, and is dictated by geophysical fluids in the vertical and horizontal directions (Camargo et al., 2014). It is especially important to study and understand the characteristics of these oceanographic profiles, as it is this primary production that will have large impacts on species diversity and marine food web assemblages. Saanich Inlet, SatelliteRead MoreMicrobiology Labs6972 Words   |  28 Pagesbacteria, the crystal violet and iodine combine to form a larger molecule that precipitates out within the cell. The alcohol/acetone mixture then causes dehydration of the multilayered peptidoglycan, thus decreasing the space between the molecules and causing the cell wall to trap the crystal violet-iodine complex within the cell. In the case of gram-negative bacteria, the alcohol/acetone mixture, being a lipid solvent, dissolves the outer membrane of the cell wall and may also damage the cytoplasmic membraneRead MoreGram Negative Unknown Lab Report2470 Words   |  10 Pagesa mordant (Leboffe and Pierce 105). The iodine enhances the crystal violet stain in Gram-positive bacteria by forming a crystal-iodine complex so that the Gram-positive bacteria keeps that purple/violet color (Leboffe and Pierce 105). Ethanol or acetone is used to decolorize the Gram-negative bacteria so that the bacteria can be stain ed with a counterstain called safranin. After finishing the Gram stain, Gram-positive bacteria should be colored pink or red due to the safranin, and Gram-positive bacteria

Mythology Is So Much More Than A Collection Of Stories

Ah but you see that is where you are wrong, mythology is so much more than a collection of stories. Mythology covers topics passed down through generations that all offer life lessons and morals to live by. Mythology is a way for different cultures and religions across the world to stay connected. While each group might have different practices they are often done for the same reasons- from rites of passage into adult hood to the afterlife, common myths are used in countless different places with their special twist, so to speak, put on them. These stories are vibrant and radiate strong messages which helps us all to incorporate them into our everyday lives. The very word Mythology encompasses a great deal. In fact, there are four different categories that these stories can fall under. The first being Cosmic Myths; the study of the order of the universe as a whole (13). This category holds stories from creation, in which we are given context based on the culture/ religion it is comin g from, to the end of the world, where we are able to relate physical decay with the immortality of human consciousness. These stories give us a purpose and larger perspective on the universe itself. There are also the Myths of the Gods. Regardless of which god is being talked about they are all seen as immortal; they are personified rejects of the human myth maker s dream of overcoming the inevitable effects of the physical laws that require death and disintegration (87). In short theShow MoreRelatedAustralian And Native American History1472 Words   |  6 Pagesworld, Australian and Native American mythologies have more in common than people initially realize. Both span thousands of years of traditional lifestyles, having developed unique folklore in order to preserve their cultures. Australian mythology has a slightly less severe tone, having written their myths in order to record them in the aftermath of colonization, while Native Americans feel a religious reverence for the t ales because they view their stories as true accounts. However, while theirRead MoreGreek Mythology : Ancient Greece1322 Words   |  6 Pages Greek Mythology is a mystical and unique universe filled with divine beings, semi-gods, oracles, monsters, creatures, heroes, women and powerful gods with the ability to control nature, all intertwined in epic battles controlled by various times on a gigantic stage composed of temples, shines, prophecies, rituals and even a word for the dead which was called the underworld. Greek mythology itself is legend. In fact, it shows a window into the ancient past, a view of a world that existed not onlyRead MoreLittle Red Cap : Negative Consequences Of The Grimm s Ideas1648 Words   |  7 Pages The story of Little Red Cap also shows the negative consequences of the Grimm’s ideas of a child’s distractible nature and a girl’s vanity. The wolf tricks Little Red Cap to stray off the path into the beautiful forested. Little Red Cap, seeing the beauty of the forest, â€Å"ran off the path and plunged into the woods to look for flowers. And each time she plucked one, she thought she saw another even prettier flower and ran after it, going deeper and deeper into the forest† (94). She â€Å"plunges† immediatelyRead MoreSignificance And Significance Of Mythology1743 Words   |  7 PagesIn order to understand the importance and meaning of magic in mythology, it is helpful to try to understand why human cultures create myths. Mythology can refer to the collected myths of a group of people—their body of stories which they tell to explain nature, history, and customs—or to the study of such myths. As a collection of such stories, mythology is a vital feature of every culture. Various origins for myths have been proposed, ranging from personification of nature, personification of naturalRead MoreEssay on Christianity vs. Greek Mythology1309 Words   |  6 Pagescompared often and I have chosen to discuss the similarities and differences of Christianity and ancient Greek mythology. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, or belief in only one God, and spiritual practices are based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as written in the New Testament of the Bible, with the role of Jesus as savior and the Son of God. Greek mythology is a polytheistic religion, which is the belief in and worship of multiple deities, called gods and goddessesRead MoreGreek Mythology : Ancient Mythology1630 Words   |  7 PagesGreek mythology denotes to the myths of the early Greeks, Greece gods, and mythical creatures. While pertaining to these legends and myths includes; to their Gods, the nature and heroes, tales of clashes, and of their adventures. It is also a brief on the origin and connotation of their cult, and the innumerable practices that remained shadowed by them. Myth is defined as; a traditional, typically historic story pertaining to mystic beings, descendants, or heroes that serve an essential kind in theRead MoreChinese Mythology1720 Words   |  7 PagesMythology is a collection of myths or the study of ancient traditional stories of gods or heroes, giving an explanation to an unexplained event. For Plato, the fist known user of the term, muthologia meant know more than the telling of stories (Kirk 8). Mythology is an important aspect to the world, today. Through the study of myths help us develop an idea of what the cultures were like. It includes hints that exhibit how they lived their lives. Myth is its serious purpose and its importance toRead MoreThe Mythology Of The Greek Mythology1438 Words   |  6 Pagescontributed to our knowledgeable society. Though, when it comes to the category of psychology I believe that the Ancient Greeks contributed the most, specifically with their mythology. A myth is defined as a traditional or legendary story, collection, or study. It is derived from the Greek word mythos, which simply means story. The Greek myths had many purposes to the Greeks such as teaching a moral lesson, explaining the origins of the world, explaining the origins of the gods and their relationshipsRead MoreAnalysis Of Rick Riordan s The Kane Chronicles, And The 39 Clues1594 Words   |  7 Pagesby their imagination instead of solely by the text on the page (Miller, â€Å"Talking Volumes†). This theorem has also influenced and challenged him, the writer, to think more critically and to produce content that’s a perfect mix of vagueness and descriptiveness. His writing has been impacted and influenced by his love of history, mythology, and his son. He loves to share his opinion and craft with other people, writers and non-writers alike. Riordan says, â€Å"I come to writing the same way I come to teachingRead MoreTrickster-God-Creator1433 Words   |  6 PagesTricksters appear in the mythology and folklore of many cultures around the world. Although the power and relative divinity of each Trickster varies from tradition to tradition, Tricksters have important roles in the creation, development, and sometimes destruction, of each culture. The Coyote of Native North American traditions is often depicted as assisting the â€Å"Great Mystery† or â€Å"Great Spirit† in the creating and populating of the world (Leeming). In the Greek myths Hermes is initially a sly infant

Academic Communication Skills Trust and Societal

Question: Discuss about theAcademic Communication Skillsfor Trust and Societal. Answer: Introduction Starting from academic work until the innovation by a company, the work should be original. In a country like Australia, copying ideas can is considered wrong and punishable by law. A student as well as a business owner should present his or her own idea while presenting it to the teachers or to the customers respectively. Copying the ideas will give rise to various issues like ethical, trust, societal, academic and legal. The various issues that might arise due to copying have been discussed in the following essay. Ethics and Integrity Copying the work that has been done by someone else is against the ethics. The previous author has done some rigorous research and study to get the solution of the work (Osman, Salim Abuobieda, 2012). If another person claims the work to be his or her own then it will be against the ethics. One person can take the idea from another work but should properly reference to give either person acknowledgement. Trust Issues If one copies the ideas of another author, it is breaching the trust of another person. When a person is submitting the work in any university or at a company, the organization is trusting the person by considering it as the original work. If the person is copying the work from some place, then it will be an act of fraud where not only the trust of the organization but also the trust of the previous authors will be broken (Bonnell et al., 2012) Academic Issues Proper referencing should be used not only to give the authors acknowledgement but for the student who are using the material will be able to refer to the material if needed (Osman, Salim Abuobieda, 2012). If a person copies the idea of another author, the readers will baffled as they will not be able to understand the original author of the information Societal Issues A person does extensive study to enhance the knowledge and help the society gain knowledge about a certain subject (Bonnell et al., 2012). If one person is copying the idea from another person then the next generation will not be able to learn anything from the work. Thus, it will give rise to societal issues as well. Legal Issues If any person is copying the ideas and work could be held under the copyright act of 1968 is Australia (Austlii.edu.au, 1968). A person could be punished for claiming the intellectual property of someone else as his own. If any individual is found to be copying the ideas, then he or she can complain under the trademark act of 1995 (Austlii.edu.au, 1995). A company should create a trademark to prevent the work being copied by other entities. Conclusion Copying the idea of another person can be considered wrong at various aspects. Copying not only breaks the trust of another individual but also can destroy the future of another individual. The person or an organization will can be held under the copyright act and the trademark act for such issues. References Austlii.edu.au,. (1968).Copyright Act 1968.Austlii.edu.au. Retrieved 27 October 2016, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca1968133/ Austlii.edu.au,. (1995).Trade Marks RADE MARKS ACT 1995.Austlii.edu.au. Retrieved 27 October 2016, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/tma1995121/ Bonnell, D. A., Buriak, J. M., Hafner, J. H., Hammond, P. T., Hersam, M. C., Javey, A., ... Schaak, R. E. (2012). Recycling is not always good: the dangers of self-plagiarism.ACS nano,6(1), 1-4. Osman, A. H., Salim, N., Abuobieda, A. (2012). Survey of text plagiarism detection.Computer Engineering and Applications Journal (ComEngApp),1(1), 37-45.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Non-Profit Management Principles and Practice

Questions: How the organization would benefit from considering the concepts you have chosen. How the application of the topic reflects Gods purpose or design. Answers: Introduction In the business world, there are two kinds of business organization. One is profit-making organization and on the other hand, is a nonprofit organization. The objective of the study is to analyze some of the significant factors of the nonprofit organization. The selected management book in the study is principles and practice of nonprofit management. Michael J. Worth developed this particular book. The present book concludes about the different kinds involved in the development process of nonprofit organization. The objective of the different nonprofit organization is to contribute to the betterment of the society (Worth, 2013). It is one of the main different between a profit making organization and a non-profit making organization. The objective of the profit making organization is always to earn a profit and on the other hand, the goal of the different nonprofit organization is to contribute to the betterment of the society. Making profit is the secondary issue of types of nonprof it organization. Three Concepts for Non Profit Organization The selected group in the study is American Charities. American Charities is one of the most common and important group, which develops different kinds, plans, and policies towards the contribution of the society (America's Charities, 2014). The objective of the study is to conclude about the three important concepts, which will highlight obtaining and managing resources for the nonprofit organization. The three essential concepts, which are emphasized in the study, are effective leadership, strategic planning, programs, and optimum utilization of resources. The three identified concepts in the study will allow the organization to fulfill the required goals and objectives. Different groups develop some individual aims and targets whether a profit making organization or a nonprofit making organization. The goals and objectives of the organization are determined by keeping in mind the requirements of the organization as well as the demands of the society. The first concept, which is highlighted in the study will, is the notion of the effective leadership. The idea of effective leadership will allow the organization to execute all the plans and proceedings in the right manner. It will help the team to find the best alternative solution to solve different kinds of organizational problems (Worth, 2013). The second factor, which is highlighted in the study, is the notion of strategic planning. Strategic planning will allow the organization to develop all the plans in a proper manner. There are some common organizational goals and objectives, if the group develops a strong strategic planning, it will automatically allow the organization to achieve the common corporate aims and objectives. The final concept, which is highlighted in the study, is the optimum utilization of the resources. Resources of the organization are limited weather a profit making organization or a nonprofit making organization (Worth, 2013). By adopting this particular concept, the company will be benefited in different ways. Conclusion The concluding part of the study will summarize the three essential concepts, which will highlight the organizational behavior of the selected company. The three concepts are the development of strategic planning, effective leadership, and optimum utilization of resources. The chosen organization is American Charities. Reference List America's Charities,. (2014).Donate to Your Favorite Charities Through Workplace Giving. Retrieved 12 February 2016, from https://www.charities.org/donate-your-favorite-charities-through-workplace- Worth, M. J. (2013).Nonprofit management: Principles and practice. Sage.